Understanding the rights of women in Islam : Debunking common misconceptions

Introduction

Rights of women in Islam , Islam raised the status of women, and made them equal with men in utmost rulings. So women, like men, are commanded to believe in Allah and to worship Him. And women are made equal to men in terms of price in the Hereafter. Women have the right to express themselves, to give sincere advice, to enjoin what is good and  enjoin what is evil, and to call people to Allah. Women have the right to enjoy property, to buy and  sell, to inherit, to give charity and to give gifts. It is not  permissible for anyone to take a woman’s wealth without her  consent. 

What Is Hijab In Islam | Is Hijab Compulsory In Islam? | Reference in Quran and Hadith

Understanding the Rights of Women in Islam

Islam affirms the rights of women in various aspects of life, including social, economic, and familial rights. Women have the right to express themselves, to give sincere advice, to enjoin what is good and  enjoin what is evil, and to call people to Allah. Women have played a significant role in the history of Islam since its inception. Islam recognizes and affirms the rights and dignity of women, and emphasizes their important role in society. Here are some of the rights of women in Islam:

Right to Financial Independence:

 Islam recognizes women’s right to financial independence. Women are entitled to own and manage their own property, earn their own money, and spend it as they wish. Additionally, women have the right to inherit from their parents and other family members.

وَلَا تَتَمَنَّوْا۟ مَا فَضَّلَ ٱللَّهُ بِهِۦ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍۢ ۚ لِّلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌۭ مِّمَّا ٱكْتَسَبُوا۟ ۖ وَلِلنِّسَآءِ نَصِيبٌۭ مِّمَّا ٱكْتَسَبْنَ ۚ وَسْـَٔلُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ مِن فَضْلِهِۦٓ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمًۭا 

“And do not crave what Allah has given some of you over others. Men will be rewarded according to their deeds and women ˹equally˺ according to theirs. Rather, ask Allah for His bounties. Surely Allah has ˹perfect˺ knowledge of all things”’ ( Al Quran 4:32)

Right to choose a Spouse:

 Islam affirms the right of women to choose their own spouse. However, Islam emphasizes the importance of seeking the advice of family and community members when making this decision.

وَمِنْ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦٓ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًۭا لِّتَسْكُنُوٓا۟ إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةًۭ وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ لَـَٔايَـٰتٍۢ لِّقَوْمٍۢ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“And one of His signs is that He created for you spouses from among yourselves so that you may find comfort in them. And He has placed between you compassion and mercy. Surely in this are signs for people who reflect ”
(Al Quran 30:21)

Right to Education: 

Islam recognizes the importance of education and encourages both men and women to seek knowledge.

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim.”
 (Sunan Ibn Mājah :224)

Therefore, women have the right to access education and pursue knowledge.

Right to work:

 Islam does not prohibit women from working or earning their own money. Women are allowed to work in any profession that is lawful and does not go against Islamic principles. In fact, during the time of the Prophet, women were involved in various professions, including trade and agriculture.

Right to a safe and peaceful home:

 Islam emphasizes the importance of treating women with kindness, respect, and love. Women have the right to live in a safe and peaceful home, free from any form of physical or emotional abuse.

Right to participate in public life:

 Women have the right to participate in public life and contribute to society. Islam encourages women to engage in acts of charity and social welfare.

Right to Honor and Kind Treatment :

In Islam, women have various rights and responsibilities based on their roles as mothers, wives, daughters, and sisters. Here are some of the rights that women are entitled to in each of these roles:

As a Mother:

Respect and Honor: 

Children are required to respect and honor their mother, and they are encouraged to show kindness and gratitude towards her.

Right to Custody:

 In case of divorce or separation, the mother has the primary right to custody of her children until they reach a certain age, and she is responsible for their upbringing and education.

Right to be Supported: 

The mother is entitled to financial support from her children or husband if she is widowed, divorced, or has no means of support.

“ Abu Huraira reported that a person said: Allah's Messenger, who amongst the people is most deserving of my good treatment? He said: Your mother, again your mother, again your mother, then your father, then your nearest relatives according to the order (of nearness)”
(sahih Muslim:6181)

As a Wife:

Mahr: 

The wife is entitled to receive a dowry or mahr from her husband as a symbol of his commitment and responsibility towards her.

Respect and kindness: 

The husband is required to show respect and kindness towards his wife, and he is encouraged to treat her with love, care, and compassion.

Right to financial support: 

The husband is responsible for providing financial support to his wife, including her basic needs and expenses.

The most complete of the believers in faith, is the one with the best character among them. And the best of you are those who are best to your women

Jami At-Tirmidhi 1162 (Hasan sahih)

As a Daughter:

Right to Education:

 Daughters have the right to receive an education, and their parents are encouraged to support and facilitate their education.

Right to kindness and protection: 

Parents are required to show kindness and protection towards their daughters, and they are responsible for their well-being and safety.

Right to Inheritance: 

Daughters are entitled to receive a share of their parent’s inheritance, and this right is protected by Islamic law.

Uqbah bin Amir said, I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
"Whoever has three daughters and is patient towards them, and feeds them, gives them to drink, and clothes them from his wealth; they will be a shield for him from the Fire on the Day of Resurrection.'"
(Sunan Ibn Majah :3669)

As a Sister:

Right to Respect:

 Brothers are required to show respect towards their sisters and treat them with kindness and compassion.

Right to protection:

 Brothers are responsible for protecting their sisters and ensuring their safety and well-being.

Right to inheritance: 

Sisters are entitled to receive a share of their parent’s inheritance, and this right is protected by Islamic law.

The Quran And the Women 

 The Quran states that men and women were created from a single soul and that they’re each other’s  mates and  sympathizers. In Islam, both men and women have the  occasion to earn Allah’s favor and attain paradise through their good deeds. The Quran states that men and women are garments for each other, meaning that they  give protection, comfort, and  decoration for one another.

   يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱتَّقُوا۟ رَبَّكُمُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍۢ وَٰحِدَةٍۢ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًۭا كَثِيرًۭا وَنِسَآءًۭ ۚ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ ٱلَّذِى تَسَآءَلُونَ بِهِۦ وَٱلْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًۭا  

“O humanity! Be  aware of your Lord Who created you from a single soul, and from it He created its mate, 1 and through both He spread  innumerous men and women. And be  aware of Allah — in Whose Name you appeal to one another — and ˹honor˺ family ties. Surely Allah is ever vigilant over you ”
( Al Quran 4:1) 
  وَءَاتُوا۟ ٱلنِّسَآءَ صَدُقَـٰتِهِنَّ نِحْلَةًۭ ۚ فَإِن طِبْنَ لَكُمْ عَن شَىْءٍۢ مِّنْهُ نَفْسًۭا فَكُلُوهُ هَنِيٓـًۭٔا مَّرِيٓـًۭٔا

  “ Give women ˹you wed˺ their due dowries  courteously. But if they waive some of it willingly,  also you may enjoy it freely with a clear heart ”
( Al Quran 4:4) 
  لِّلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌۭ مِّمَّا تَرَكَ ٱلْوَٰلِدَانِ وَٱلْأَقْرَبُونَ وَلِلنِّسَآءِ نَصِيبٌۭ مِّمَّا تَرَكَ ٱلْوَٰلِدَانِ وَٱلْأَقْرَبُونَ مِمَّا قَلَّ مِنْهُ أَوْ كَثُرَ ۚ نَصِيبًۭا مَّفْرُوضًۭا 

 “ For men there's a share in what their parents and close cousins leave, and for women there's a share in what their parents and close cousins leave — whether it's little or  important. ˹These are˺ obligatory shares ”
( Al Quran 4:7) 
  يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَرِثُوا۟ ٱلنِّسَآءَ كَرْهًۭا ۖ وَلَا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ لِتَذْهَبُوا۟ بِبَعْضِ مَآ ءَاتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ إِلَّآ أَن يَأْتِينَ بِفَـٰحِشَةٍۢ مُّبَيِّنَةٍۢ ۚ وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ فَإِن كَرِهْتُمُوهُنَّ فَعَسَىٰٓ أَن تَكْرَهُوا۟ شَيْـًۭٔا وَيَجْعَلَ ٱللَّهُ فِيهِ خَيْرًۭا كَثِيرًۭا

 “‘ O religionists! It isn't admissible for you to inherit women against their will1 or  brutalize them to make them return some of the dowry ˹as a rescue for divorce˺ — unless they're  set up  shamefaced of  infidelity.2 Treat them fairly. However, you may  detest  commodity which Allah turns into a great blessing ”
(Al Quran 4:19) 
  وَٱلْمُطَلَّقَـٰتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلَـٰثَةَ قُرُوٓءٍۢ ۚ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَن يَكْتُمْنَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ فِىٓ أَرْحَامِهِنَّ إِن كُنَّ يُؤْمِنَّ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْـَٔاخِرِ ۚ وَبُعُولَتُهُنَّ أَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ إِنْ أَرَادُوٓا۟ إِصْلَـٰحًۭا ۚ وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ ٱلَّذِى عَلَيْهِنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌۭ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ  

“Disassociated women must  stay three yearly cycles ˹before they can remarry˺. It isn't legal for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, 1 if they ˹truly˺ believe in Allah and the Last Day. And their  misters reserve the right to take them back within that period if they ask  conciliation. Women have rights  analogous to those of men equitably, although men have a degree ˹of responsibility˺ above them. And Allah is Almighty,All-Wise.
( Al Quran 2:228)

The Sahih Hadith And the Women 

.عَنْ جَابِرٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ فِي النِّسَاءِ فَإِنَّكُمْ أَخَذْتُمُوهُنَّ بِأَمَانِ اللَّهِ وَاسْتَحْلَلْتُمْ فُرُوجَهُنَّ بِكَلِمَةِ اللَّهِ وَلَكُمْ عَلَيْهِنَّ أَنْ لَا يُوطِئْنَ فُرُشَكُمْأَحَدًا تَكْرَهُونَهُ فَإِنْ فَعَلْنَ ذَلِكَ فَاضْرِبُوهُنَّ ضَرْبًا غَيْرَ مُبَرِّحٍ وَلَهُنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ رِزْقُهُنَّ وَكِسْوَتُهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ  

 Jabir ibn Abdullah reported The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said,  “ Fear Allah regarding women. Verily, you have taken them as a trust from Allah, and intercourse has been made legal by the word of Allah. Your rights over them are that they don't let anyone in the house you dislike.However, you may strike them without violence, If they do so. Their rights over you're that you  give for them and clothe them in a reasonable manner. ” 
 (Sahih Muslim:1218a)

Importance of Womens in Islam

Islam recognizes and affirms the rights and dignity of women. In fact, women played a significant role in the early history of Islam and were active participants in the community. Here are some key points about women in Islam:

Spiritual equality: 

Islam recognizes men and women as equals in terms of their humanity and spirituality. The Quran states that men and women were created from a single soul and that they are each other’s partners and supporters. In Islam, both men and women have the opportunity to earn God’s favor and attain paradise through their good deeds.

Education:

 Islam encourages both men and women to seek knowledge and education. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Seeking knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim.” Women were also active in the pursuit of knowledge during the early Islamic period.

Work and Financial Independence: 

Islam does not prohibit women from working or earning their own money. In fact, women in the early Islamic period were involved in various professions and businesses.

Marriage and family: 

Islam encourages marriage and family life, and emphasizes the importance of treating one’s spouse with love and respect. The Quran states that men and women are garments for each other, meaning that they provide protection, comfort, and adornment for one another.

مَنْ عَمِلَ صَـٰلِحًۭا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌۭ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُۥ حَيَوٰةًۭ طَيِّبَةًۭ ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ

“Whoever does good, whether male or female, and is a believer, We will surely bless 
them with a good life, and We will certainly reward them according to the best of their deeds ”
(Al Quran 16:97)

Responsibilities of Womens In Islam

In Islam, women have various duties and responsibilities as they play a vital role in maintaining the family and society’s overall well-being. Some of the duties and responsibilities of women in Islam are:

Worship:

 Like men, women are required to perform the five daily prayers, fast during Ramadan, pay Zakat, and perform Hajj (if they are financially and physically capable).

Maintaining family ties:

 Women are encouraged to maintain a strong relationship with their family members, especially their parents, husband, and children.

Taking care of children:

 Women are primarily responsible for taking care of their children, raising them with good manners and ethics, and providing them with a proper Islamic education.

Managing the household: 

Women are responsible for managing the household and ensuring that everything runs smoothly. They are responsible for cleaning, cooking, and taking care of the family’s needs.

Modesty: 

Women are encouraged to maintain modesty in their dress and behavior. They should dress modestly, covering their body and hair, and avoid any behavior or actions that may be considered immodest.

Giving to charity: 

Women are encouraged to give to charity and help those in need, as it is considered one of the essential obligations in Islam.

It is important to note that these duties and responsibilities are not limited to women only but also apply to men. Both men and women are considered equal in Islam and are required to fulfill their obligations towards Allah and society.

Conclusion

 Islam emphasizes the importance of treating women with respect and kindness, and recognizes their important role in society. However, like any religion, there can be cultural variations in how Islamic teachings are interpreted and practiced in different parts of the world.Islam affirms the rights of women in various aspects of life, including social, economic, and familial rights. 

FAQ

Who’s the most Reputed Woman In Islam?  

Mary( Maryam) 
 Mary, the  Mother  of Messiah, is the most important woman in the Quran, as she’s the only one  linked by name. She’s described as the  topmost woman of all time in the Quran as well.   

What’s Haram for a Woman in Islam?

 Exposing the intimate  corridor of the body is unlawful in Islam as the Quran instructs the covering of  manly and  womanish genitals, and for adult ladies the  guts. Exposing them is  typically considered  unethical.  

What are the Rules for Womens in Islam?  

The law of the hijab states that the whole  womanish body away from the face and hands should be covered when a woman leaves her home as a sign of modesty, obedience to Allah and respect for Islamic values. 

What does the Quran say about Women’s modesty? 

Say to the believing women that they should lower their aspect and guard their modesty; that they shouldn’t display their beauty and  beautifiers except what( must  naturally) appear thereof; that they should draw their  curtains over their  bones and not display their beauty except to their  misters.  ( Al Quran 24:31)

What Quality should I look for in a Woman in Islam?  

She’s in a state of constant submission, certain of our Lord’s love, compassion,  remission and providence. When she encounters a problem, she knows that Allah has  handed a  result in the Qur’an, and that what matters most is her  uninterrupted sincere love, submission, and trust in Allah 

(Visited 250 times, 1 visits today)

Leave a Comment